What are pips in forex trading? – Definition and Explanations

Traders and forex brokers frequently use the terms pip, lot, mini lot, and micro lot in Forex trading. It makes sense to learn the expressions in their context based on the experiences of successful market participants.

The following article defines the terms pip, lot, mini lot, and microlot, and explains the size of a pip using currency pairs as examples. You’ll also learn how to calculate the value of a forex pip and how positive and negative pips affect your trading account.

What is a forex pip?

An example can easily be used to answer the question. The currency pair GBP/USD is currently trading at 1.4155. This translates to $ 1.4455 for a British pound. In the forex industry, the counter to the left of the decimal point is known as a point, and the four numbers to the right of the decimal point are known as pips. As a result, a pip is one tenth of a point. In other words, a point is made up of 10,000 pips.

forex pip

Depending on the broker and trading platform , more than 4 digits are displayed to the right of the comma. The last digit is ignored if there are 5 digits after the comma, and the penultimate digit is referred to as pip!
In Forex trading, pips are used to describe price changes. The term pips is familiar to most players because prices change every trading day, especially on the third and fourth digits to the right of the decimal point.

 Where does the term pip come from?

In this regard, informative websites do not all hold the same views on the Pip. The pip is an abbreviation of the English words “Percentage in Point” or “Price Interest Point,” according to some finance portals. Others don’t say anything about the origin because there isn’t proof for every theory.

Pips, on the other hand, are almost universally used in forex trading to denote the 3 and 4 digits to the right of the comma. The numbers to the right of the decimal point are in tenths of a point, and the numbers to the right of the decimal point are in hundredths of a point.

All numbers to the right of the decimal point are referred to as pips by professional forex traders, who avoid using complicated representations. Accordingly, the GBP/USD currency pair’s above rate contains 4155 pips. After all, nothing prevents a meter from being defined as 1,000 millimeters.

Pip, lot, mini lot and micro lot – related terms in forex trading

The terms solder, mini solder, and micro solder should all be internalized in order to fully comprehend the term pip. Because it equals 100,000 units of a base currency, the lot is a popular unit of measurement among professionals. The base currency is the currency that is mentioned first in a currency pair. The British pound is the base currency in the GBP/USD example.

In this case, one lot equals £ 100,000, and opening a position with a leverage of 100 requires a margin of £ 1,000 plus fees. The Minilot is the ideal size for beginners with small trading accounts or risk-averse market participants. With a leverage of 100, an actor trades 10,000 units for only 100 pounds sterling plus trading costs.

related terms in forex trading

Anyone who can use less or wants to risk less trades with a micro lot, which is a hundredth of a lot and only requires 10 units plus expenses. When trading with a leverage of 100:1.

How closely do the orders of magnitude and the pip resemble each other?

Pips are the units of measurement for changes in currency pairs’ rates. The third and fourth places to the right of the decimal point are usually where these changes occur. If the price of a currency pair rises or falls by more than 99 pips on a busy day, the second digit can change.

Anyone using a metatrader 4 or 5 to trade forex will notice that the price is displayed in 5 places to the right of the comma. A tenth of a pipette or pipette is the fifth digit. A pipette has a low value for private traders because the tenth part of a pip is currently the smallest unit of measurement in Forex trading.

Influential market participants, on the other hand, deal in millions or billions of dollars and care about tenths of a point. These rules apply to all so-called major currencies that have a decimal point to the left of it.

JPY is an exception to the rule (YEN)

The Japanese yen is one of the most widely traded currencies, and each pip has a different value. When trading the USD/JPY currency pair, one US dollar currently costs more than 100 yen. As a result, there are three digits to the left of the comma, but only two to the right. As a result, the smallest trading unit is one hundredth of a yen. Pips are used to express changes in the two digits to the right of the decimal point.

Other deviants can be found among the exotic species

One pip equals one hundredth of an Indian rupee when trading forex with the USD / INR currency pair. For the USD/IDR pair, the definition of a pip is particularly striking. One pip is equal to one ruphia or rupee in Indonesia.

How is a pip’s value determined?

The calculation can be done in a variety of ways, but the most straightforward method is as follows:

  • Assume you’re trading a lot with a 100-lever strategy.
  • The required margin is 1,000 currency units plus non-calculated fees.
  • Your stake will have doubled after 100 pips in the right direction.
  • If the trade goes south (purely theoretically), the margin will be depleted after 100 pips.
  • For a lot, one pip equals ten currency units.

The calculation takes the same amount of time for the micro lot (1 currency unit) and the mini lot (1 currency unit) (0.1 currency unit).

The pip in the loss limit

Loss limitation is essential in forex trading because, without intervention, trading could develop in a way that is not intended and result in massive losses. Following the advice of successful traders, the loss limit should be set at 5 to 10 pips.

Market participants with a lot of experience believe that any trade that goes 5 pips in the wrong direction should be canceled right away. A few factors should be considered when evaluating these settings:

  • Successful Forex trading with one lot yields a profit of ten currency units per pip.
  • A loss of 10 currency units per pip occurs when a trade goes negative.

Of course, the decision to keep or dissolve the position is entirely up to you. Speculating on a trend reversal, however, is risky and can be costly. Anyone trading with a lot and 1,000 currency units should keep their losses to a maximum of 5 pips. A loss of 50 currency units is manageable, whereas larger losses frequently result in mental impairment.

The potential losses are nominally lower when trading with a mini-lot or micro-lot, but they are identical in relation to the use. As a result, it is prudent to exercise the same caution when limiting losses. When trading forex with small amounts, many people become careless and start speculating on an impending trend reversal if the trend is negative.

The pip as a profit

For each trade, you can manually set the loss limit and profit take. Profit taking should be set to three times the value of the loss limit, according to a rule of thumb. As a result, the stop loss is 5 pips and the take profit is 15 pips. When you trade a lot, you run the risk of losing 50 currency units. Alternatively, you can profit by taking 150 currency units.

In terms of theory, experienced forex traders tend to practice in a unique way. The loss limit is always set and should be as restrictive as possible. The majority of the best forex brokers allow you to trade 5 pips.

Profit-taking, on the other hand, should be flexible and appropriate to the situation. The following scenarios demonstrate why this should be done this way:

  • After 10 pips, the price does not reach the take profit line and reverses. It is preferable to take the profit in this case, regardless of the size of the trade. After all, each pip has the potential to be worth ten currency units.
  • Because of market sentiment, the price closes well beyond the profit-taking target, and you are forced to sit by and watch as your sphere of influence shrinks.

By remaining in front of the screen and using flexible profit-taking, experienced forex traders avoid both scenarios. In the first scenario, you should bring around 100 currency units with you. Particularly when a pip is followed by a 10 dollars, euro, or pound bet.

In the second scenario, an experienced trader will make the most of the trend and only take profits once the trend has been proven to be reversed. The currency pair GBP/USD, in particular, is known for 100 pips or more per session.

Each pip is worth £ 10 in a bet of £ 1,000 with 100 leverage, so 100 pips will result in a profit of £ 1,000. Even with smaller trading volumes, profit-taking must be handled with extreme caution. After all, for a trader with a mini lot, 100 currency units equals the same percentage profit as 1,000 units for a trader with a full lot.

 The pip as a cost factor

Trading costs are expressed as a spread and in pips by brokers. The difference between bid and ask, or the buying and selling price of a base currency in relation to a foreign currency, is known as the spread.

The spread for the GBP/USD currency pair is typically 1.5 pips, but it can be significantly lower or higher at times. The first 1.5 pips will be used to cover brokerage costs if you trade the pair during the Europe session. If the course is planned, each additional pip means a profit based on the trading volume for you.

As a result, experienced forex traders prefer brokerage firms that offer the tightest spreads. A 1 pip spread is better than a 2 or 3 pip spread for players who want to take the smallest profits.

A scalper earns around 5 pips per trade by taking advantage of any upward or downward movement during a session. His strategy becomes unattractive and risky if he has to surrender 2 to 3 pips to the broker. For pips relating to CFDs you can refer to https://forexbrokers.me.uk/cfd-brokers/.

Use the demo account to learn how to use the Pip correctly

Pips are used to measure all of your forex trading (definition). You decide how many pips you’re willing to lose on a trade. Through concentrated presence, you ensure as many positive pips as possible when taking profits. You select a broker based on the spread, which is measured in pips. Finally, the lot is appealing as a trading volume because it offers the potential for a profit of 10 currency units per pip.

In a risk-free demo account, you can learn the importance of the pip in forex trading. You simply run through various scenarios with various trading volumes and compare the outcomes. This will allow you to gauge the significance of each pip without incurring any losses.

However, the pip is only one of many criteria in forex trading; players who want to succeed will need to learn a lot more.


The pip is a small unit of measurement in forex trading that is frequently overlooked. Each pip’s value is determined by two factors. First, whether the pip is positive or negative denotes profit or loss. Second, the pip’s nominal value is determined by the volume of trade. According to. A forex trader’s goal should be to accumulate as many positive pips as possible while avoiding negative pips.